Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Pelvic Organ Prolapse

12 Jul Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition that affects many women worldwide. It occurs when the pelvic organs, such as the bladder, uterus, or rectum, descend from their normal position and bulge into the vagina. This article will provide an overview of pelvic organ prolapse, including its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Also Read: Managing Incontinence in South Delhi, India: Introducing Neokeg

1. Introduction          

Pelvic organ prolapse is a medical condition that occurs when the pelvic floor muscles and tissues become weakened or damaged. This can result in one or more pelvic organs descending from their normal position and protruding into the vaginal canal. It can lead to discomfort, pain, and various other symptoms that can significantly impact a woman’s quality of life.

2. Understanding Pelvic Organ Prolapse

The pelvic floor is a group of muscles, ligaments, and tissues that provide support to the pelvic organs. When these structures weaken or stretch, it can cause the organs to shift out of place. Pelvic organ prolapse can occur due to factors such as childbirth, menopause, chronic coughing, obesity, and repetitive heavy lifting. It is more common in older women but can affect women of all ages.

3. Causes of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of pelvic organ prolapse. The primary causes include:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth: The process of childbirth can stretch and weaken the pelvic floor muscles and tissues, increasing the risk of prolapse.
  • Aging: As women age, the tissues and muscles in the pelvic area naturally weaken, making them more susceptible to prolapse.
  • Hormonal changes: The decline in estrogen levels during menopause can lead to a loss of muscle tone and support in the pelvic region.
  • Chronic conditions: Chronic coughing, constipation, and obesity can put excessive pressure on the pelvic floor, leading to prolapse.

4. Risk Factors

Certain factors can increase the likelihood of developing pelvic organ prolapse. These include:

  • Age: The risk of prolapse increases with age, especially after menopause.
  • Pregnancy and childbirth: Women who have had multiple pregnancies or delivered large babies vaginally are more prone to prolapse.
  • Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus can weaken the support structures in the pelvic region, increasing the risk of organ prolapse.
  • Obesity: Excess weight puts additional strain on the pelvic floor muscles and tissues.
  • Chronic conditions: Chronic coughing, constipation, and heavy lifting can contribute to pelvic organ prolapse.

5. Common Symptoms

The symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse can vary depending on the type and severity of the prolapse. Some common symptoms include:

  • Vaginal bulge: A noticeable bulge or lump in the vaginal area.
  • Pelvic pressure: A feeling of fullness or heaviness in the pelvis.
  • Urinary problems: Frequent urination, urgency, or leakage.
  • Bowel movement difficulties: Constipation or straining during bowel movements.
  • Sexual discomfort: Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse.

6. Types of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

There are different types of pelvic organ prolapse, depending on which organs are affected. These include:

  • Cystocele: The bladder protrudes into the front wall of the vagina.
  • Rectocele: The rectum bulges into the back wall of the vagina.
  • Uterine prolapse: The uterus descends into the vaginal canal.
  • Vaginal vault prolapse: The top of the vagina collapses or protrudes after a hysterectomy.

7. Diagnosis

To diagnose pelvic organ prolapse, a healthcare provider will perform a physical examination and review the patient’s medical history. In some cases, additional tests such as urodynamic studies or imaging may be recommended to assess the extent of the prolapse and rule out other conditions.

8. Treatment Options

Treatment for pelvic organ prolapse depends on the severity of the prolapse, the symptoms experienced, and the individual’s overall health. The following treatment options may be considered:

  • Lifestyle Modifications: This includes weight management, avoiding heavy lifting, and treating chronic coughing or constipation.
  • Pelvic Floor Exercises: Also known as Kegel exercises, these exercises help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and improve support.
  • Pessary Use: A pessary is a device inserted into the vagina to provide support and relieve symptoms of prolapse.
  • Surgical Interventions: In more severe cases or when conservative treatments fail, surgery may be recommended to repair the weakened tissues and restore the organs to their original position.

9. Recovery and Rehabilitation

After surgery, recovery and rehabilitation are crucial for a successful outcome. This may involve gradually increasing physical activity, avoiding heavy lifting, and following specific post-operative instructions provided by the healthcare team.

10. Prevention Tips

While pelvic organ prolapse cannot always be prevented, certain measures may reduce the risk or delay its onset. These include:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight: Excess weight can strain the pelvic floor muscles, so maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk.
  • Practicing pelvic floor exercises: Regularly performing pelvic floor exercises can strengthen the muscles and provide better support to the pelvic organs.
  • Avoiding heavy lifting: Minimizing heavy lifting can help prevent excessive pressure on the pelvic floor.
  • Treating chronic conditions: Managing chronic coughing, constipation, and other conditions that can contribute to prolapse can help reduce the risk.


Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition that can significantly impact a woman’s quality of life. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options is crucial for managing and addressing this condition effectively. By making lifestyle modifications, performing pelvic floor exercises, considering non-surgical interventions, or opting for surgical interventions when necessary, women can find relief and improve their overall well-being.

One brand that offers a solution for pelvic floor exercises is Neokeg. Neokeg provides a range of products designed to assist women in strengthening their pelvic floor muscles. These innovative devices, such as Neokeg’s pelvic floor exercisers, are specifically designed to provide targeted and effective workouts for the pelvic floor muscles. By incorporating Neokeg into their routine, women can enhance their pelvic floor strength, improve muscle tone, and potentially alleviate symptoms associated with pelvic organ prolapse.

It’s important to note that while Neokeg products can be beneficial in pelvic floor exercises, it is essential to consult with a healthcare provider for a comprehensive treatment plan. They can provide personalized recommendations based on individual needs and ensure proper usage of Neokeg products. With a combination of appropriate medical guidance and the use of Neokeg, women can take proactive steps toward managing pelvic organ prolapse and regaining their quality of life.


Q1. Can pelvic organ prolapse go away on its own?

Pelvic organ prolapse does not typically resolve on its own. It may worsen over time without appropriate treatment.

Q2. Can pelvic organ prolapse be prevented during pregnancy?

While it may not be entirely preventable, practicing pelvic floor exercises during pregnancy can help strengthen the muscles and potentially reduce the risk of prolapse.

Q3. How long does it take to recover from pelvic organ prolapse surgery?

Recovery time varies depending on the type of surgery performed and the individual’s overall health. It may take several weeks to months to fully recover.

Q4. Can I still have sexual intercourse with pelvic organ prolapse?

Many women with pelvic organ prolapse can continue to engage in sexual intercourse. However, some positions or activities may be more comfortable than others. It is important to communicate with your healthcare provider about any concerns.

Q5. Can pelvic organ prolapse recur after surgery?

There is a small risk of pelvic organ prolapse recurring after surgery. However, with proper care, including lifestyle modifications and pelvic floor exercises, the risk can be minimized.